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|PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 106th CONGRESS, 2nd SESSION
||Washington, Saturday, July 15, 2000
OSCE PA DELEGATION TRIP REPORT
Saturday, July 15, 2000
OSCE PA DELEGATION TRIP REPORT
HONORABLE BEN NIGHTHORSE CAMPBELL
Mr. CAMPBELL. Mr. President, I take this opportunity to provide a report to my colleagues on the successful congressional
delegate trip last week to St. Petersburg, Russia, to participate in the Eighth Annual Parliamentary Assembly Session of the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, known as the OSCE PA. As Co-chairman of the Helsinki Commission, I
headed the Senate delegation in coordination with the Commission Chairman, Congressman CHRIS SMITH.
THE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY
This year's congressional delegation of 17 members was the largest representation by any country at the proceedings and was
welcomed as a demonstration of continued U.S. commitment to security in Europe. Approximately 300 parliamentarians from
52 OSCE participating states took part in this year's meeting of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly.
My objectives in St. Petersburg were to advance American interests in a region of vital security and economic importance to
the United States; to elevate the issues of crime and corruption among the 54 OSCE countries; to develop new linkages for my
home state of Colorado; and to identify concrete ways to help American businesses.
CRIME AND CORRUPTION
The three General Committees focused on a central theme: ``Common Security and Democracy in the Twenty-First
Century.'' I served on the Economic Affairs, Science, Technology and the Environment Committee which took up the issue of
corruption and its impact on business and the rule of law. I sponsored two amendments that highlighted the importance of
combating corruption and organized crime, offering concrete proposals for the establishment of high-level inter-agency
mechanisms to fight corruption in each of the OSCE participating states. My amendments also called for the convening of a
ministerial meeting to promote cooperation among these states to combat corruption and organized crime.
My anti-corruption amendment was based on the premise that corruption has a negative impact on foreign investment, on
human rights, on democracy building and on the rule of law. Any investor nation should have the right to expect anti-corruption
practices in those countries in which they seek to invest.
Significant progress has been made with the ratification of the new OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign
Public Officials in International Business Transactions. Under the OECD Convention, companies from the leading exporting
nations will have to comply with certain ethical standards in their business dealings with foreign public officials. And, last July,
the OSCE and the OECD held a joint conference to assess ways to combat corruption and organized crime within the OSCE
region. I believe we must build on this initiative, and offered my amendment to urge the convening of a ministerial meeting with
the goal of making specific recommendations to the member states about steps which can be taken to eliminate this primary
threat to economic stability and security and major obstacle to U.S. businesses seeking to invest and operate abroad.
My anti-crime amendment was intended to address the negative impact that crime has on our countries and our citizens.
Violent crime, international crime, organized crime and drug trafficking all undermine the rule of law, a healthy business climate
and democracy building.
This amendment was based on my personal experiences as one of the only members of the United States Senate with a law
enforcement background and on congressional testimony that we are witnessing an increase in the incidence of international
crime, and we are seeing a type of crime which our countries have not dealt with before.
During the opening Plenary Session on July 6, we heard from the Governor of St. Petersburg, Vladimir Yakolev, about how
the use of drugs is on the rise in Russia and how more needs to be done to help our youth.
On July 7, I had the opportunity to visit the Russian Police Training Academy at St. Petersburg University and met with
General Victor Salnikov, the Chief of the University. I was impressed with the General's accomplishments and how many senior
Russian officials who are graduates of the university, including the Prime Minister, governors, and members of the Duma.
General Salnikov and I discussed the OSCE's work on crime and drugs, and he urged us to act. The General stressed that
this affects all of civilized society and all countries must do everything they can to reduce drug trafficking and crime.
After committee consideration and adoption of my amendments, I was approached by Senator Jerry Grafstein from Canada
who indicated how important it was to elevate the issues of
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crime and corruption in the OSCE framework. I look forward to working with Senator Grafstein and other parliamentarians on
these important issues at future multi-lateral meetings.
CULTURAL LINKAGES WITH COLORADO
St. Petersburg is rich in culture and educational resources. This grand city is home to 1,270 public, private and educational
libraries; 181 museums of art, nature, history and culture; 106 theaters; 52 palaces; and 417 cultural organizations. Our
delegation visit provided an excellent opportunity to explore linkages between some of these resources with the many museums
and performing arts centers in Colorado.
On Thursday, July 8, I met with Tatyana Kuzmina, the Executive Director for the St. Petersburg Association for International
Cooperation, and Natalia Koltomova, Senior Development Officer for the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg. We
learned that museums and the orchestras have exchanges in New York, Michigan and California. Ms. Kuzmina was
enthusiastic about exploring cultural exchanges with Denver and other communities in Colorado. I look toward to following up
with her, the U.S. Consulate in St. Petersburg, and leaders in the Colorado fine arts community to help make such cultural
exchanges a reality.
As proof that the world is getting smaller all the time, I was pleasantly surprised to encounter a group of 20 Coloradans on
tour. In fact, there were so many from Grand Junction alone, we could have held a Town Meeting right there in St. Petersburg!
In our conversations, it was clear we shared the same impressions of the significant potential that that city has to offer in future
linkages with Colorado. I ask unanimous consent that a list of the Coloradans whom I met be printed in the RECORD
following my remarks.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
(See exhibit 1.)
HELPING AMERICAN BUSINESSES
Mr. CAMPBELL. In the last Congress, I introduced the International Anti-Corruption Act of 1997 (S. 1200) which would
tie U.S. foreign aid to how conducive foreign countries are to American businesses and investment. As I prepare to reintroduce
this bill in the 106th Congress and to work on combating crime and corruption within the OSCE framework, I participated in a
meeting of U.S. business representatives on Friday, July 9, convened by the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce,
headquartered in Denver. We were joined by my colleagues, Senator KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, Senator GEORGE
VOINOVICH and my fellow Coloradan, Congressman TOM TANCREDO.
We heard first-hand about the challenges of doing business in Russia from representatives of U.S. companies, including
Lockheed Martin Astronautics, PepsiCo, the Gillette Company, Coudert Brothers, and Colliers HIB St. Petersburg. Some
issues, such as export licensing, counterfeiting and corruption are being addressed in the Senate. But, many issues these
companies face are integral to the Russian business culture, such as taxation, the devaluation of the rouble, and lack of
infrastructure. My colleagues and I will be following up on ways to assist U.S. businesses and investment abroad.
In addition, on Wednesday, July 7, I participated in a meeting at the St. Petersburg Investment Center. The main focus of the
meeting was the presentation of a replica of Fort Ross in California, the first Russian outpost in the United States, to the Acting
U.S. Consul General on behalf of the Governor of California. We heard from Anatoly Razdoglin and Valentin Makarov of the
St. Petersburg Administration; Slava Bychkov, American Chamber of Commerce in Russia, St. Petersburg Chapter; Valentin
Mishanov, Russian State Marine Archive; and Vitaly Dozenko, Marine Academy. The discussion ranged from U.S. investment
in St. Petersburg and the many redevelopment projects which are planned or underway in the city.
CRIME AND DRUGS
As I mentioned, on Wednesday, July 7, I toured the Russia Police Training Academy at St. Petersburg University and met
with General Victor Salnikov, the Chief of the University. This facility is the largest organization in Russia which prepares law
enforcement officers and is the largest law institute in the country. The University has 35,000 students and 5,000 instructors.
Among the law enforcement candidates, approximately 30 percent are women.
The Police Training Academy has close contacts with a number of countries, including the U.S., France, Germany, the United
Kingdom, Finland, Israel and others. Areas of cooperation include police training, counterfeiting, computer crimes, and
programs to combat drug trafficking.
I was informed that the Academy did not have a formal working relationship with the National Institute of Justice, the
research and development arm of the U.S. Department of Justice which operates an extensive international information-sharing
program. I intend to call for this bilateral linkage to facilitate collaboration and the exchange of information, research and
publications which will benefit law enforcement in both countries fight crime and drugs.
In addition to the discussions in the plenary sessions of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, we had the opportunity to raise
issues of importance in a special bilateral meeting between the U.S. and Russia delegations on Thursday morning, July 8.
Members of our delegation raised issues including anti-Semitism in the Duma, developments in Kosovo, the case of
environmental activist Aleksandr Nikitin, the assassination of Russian Parliamentarian Galina Starovoitova, and the trafficking of
women and children.
As the author of the Senate Resolution condemning anti-Semitism in the Duma (S. Con. Res. 19), I took the opportunity of
this bilateral session to let the Russian delegation, including the Speaker of the State Duma, know how seriously we in the
United States feel about the importance of having a governmental policy against anti-Semitism. We also stressed that
anti-Semitic remarks by their Duma members are intolerable. I look forward to working with Senator HELMS to move S.
Con. Res. 19 through the
Foreign Relations Committee to underscore the strong message we delivered to the Russians in St. Petersburg.
We had the opportunity to discuss the prevalence of anti-Semitism and the difficulties which minority religious organizations
face in Russia at a gathering of approximately 100 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), religious leaders and business
representatives, hosted by the U.S. Delegation on Friday, July 9. We heard about the restrictions placed on religious freedoms
and how helpful many American non-profit organizations are in supporting the NGO's efforts.
I am pleased to report that the U.S. Delegation had a significant and positive impact in advancing U.S. interests during the
Eighth OSCE Parliamentary Assembly Session in St. Petersburg. To provide my colleagues with additional information, I ask
unanimous consent that my formal report to Majority Leader LOTT be printed in the RECORD following my remarks.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
(See exhibit 2.)
Mr. CAMPBELL. Thank you, Mr. President, I yield the floor.
Exhibit No. 1
Coloradans in St. Petersburg, Russia
Iva Allen, Grand Junction.
Kay Coulson, Grand Junction.
Inez Dodson, Grand Junction.
Isabel Downing, Grand Junction.
Terry Eakle, Greeley.
Betty Elliott, Grand Junction.
Dorothy Evans, Grand Junction.
Kay Hamilton, Grand Junction.
Helen Kauffman, Grand Junction.
Nancy Koos, Denver.
Dick and Jay McElroy, Grand Junction.
Lyla Michaels, Glenwood Springs.
Carol Mitchell, Grand Junction.
Neal and Sonya Morris, Grand Junction.
Pat Oates, Grand Junction.
Kawna Safford, Grand Junction.
Phyllis Safford , Grand Junction.
Dorothy Smith, Grand Junction.
Irene Stark, Montrose.
Exhibit No. 2
COMMISSION ON SECURITY
AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE,
Washington, DC, July 14, 1999.
Hon. TRENT LOTT,
Majority Leader, United States Senate, Washington, DC.
DEAR SENATOR LOTT: I am pleased to report to you on the work of the bipartisan congressional delegation which I
co-chaired that participated in the Eighth Annual Session of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE ), hosted by the Russian Parliament, the Federation Council and the
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State Duma, in St. Petersburg, July 6-10, 1999. Other participants from the United States Senate were Senator Hutchison of
Texas and Senator Voinovich. We were joined by 14 Members of the House: Rep. Smith, Rep. Hoyer, Rep. Sabo, Rep.
Kaptur, Rep. Cardin, Rep. Sawyer, Rep. Slaughter, Rep. Stearns, Rep. Tanner, Rep. Danner, Rep. Hastings of Florida, Rep.
Salmon, Rep. Cooksey, and Rep. Tancredo. The combined U.S. delegation of 17, the largest representation by any country in
St. Petersburg was welcomed by others as a demonstration of the continued commitment of the United States, and the U.S.
Congress, to Europe.
This year's Assembly brought together nearly 300 parliamentarians from 52 OSCE participating States. Seven countries,
including the Russian Federation, were represented at the level of Speaker of Parliament or President of the Senate. The
Assembly continued to recognize the democratically elected parliament of Belarus which President Lukashenka dissolved
following his illegal power grab in 1996.
The inaugural ceremony included a welcoming addresses by the Speaker of the State Duma, Gennady Seleznev, and the
Governor of St. Petersburg, Vladimir Yakovlev. The President of the Assembly, Ms. Helle Degn of Denmark, presided. The
theme for the St. Petersburg Assembly was ``Common Security and Democracy in the Twenty-First Century.''
Foreign Minister Knut Vollenback of Norway addressed the Assembly in his capacity of OSCE Chairman-in-Office to
report on the organization's activities, particularly those relating to post-conflict rehabilitation and reconstruction in Kosovo.
Vollenbaek urged the Parliamentary Assembly and its members to play an active role in promoting human rights, democracy,
and the rule of law in Kosovo. Considerable attention was given to the Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe throughout the
discussions on Kosovo.
Members of the U.S. delegation actively participated in a special plenary session on Kosovo and contributed to a draft
resolution concerning the situation in Kosovo. The delegation was successful in securing adoption of several amendments;
underscoring the legal obligation of State to cooperate with the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; granting
access to all prisoners by the International Committee on the Red Cross; extending humanitarian assistance to other parts of the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; and supporting democracy in Serbia and Montenegro. Senator Voinovich introduced a
separate resolution stressing the urgent need to support infrastructure projects which would benefit neighboring countries in the
Balkans region. This resolution was widely supported and adopted unanimously.
Work in the Assembly's three General Committee--Political Affairs and Security; Economic Affairs, Science, Technology and
Environment; and Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Questions--focused on the central theme: ``Common Security
and Democracy in the Twenty-First Century.''
During discussion in the General Committee on Political Affairs and Security, the U.S. pressed for greater transparency with
respect to OSCE activities in Vienna, urging that meetings of the Permanent Council be open to the public and media.
Considerable discussion focused on the Assembly's long-standing recommendation to modify the consensus rule that governs
all decisions taken by the OSCE . During the closing session Rep. Hastings was unanimously elected committee Vice
Members offered several amendment to the draft resolution considered by the General Committee on Economic Affairs,
Science, Technology and Environment. Two amendments that I sponsored focused on the importance of combating corruption
and organized crime, offering concrete proposals for the establishment of high-level inter-agency corruption-fighting
mechanisms in each of the OSCE participating States as well as the convening of a ministerial meeting to promote cooperation
among these States to combat corruption and organized crime. Other amendments offered by the delegation, and adopted,
highlighted the importance of reform of the agricultural sector, bolstering food security in the context of sustainable
development, and regulation of capital and labor markets by multilateral organizations.
The Rapporteur's report for the General Committee on Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Questions focused on
the improvement of the human rights situation in the newly independent states. Amendments proposed by the U.S. delegation,
and adopted by the Assembly, stressed the need for participating States to fully implement their commitments to prevent
discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief and condemned statements by parliamentarians of OSCE participating States
promoting or supporting racial or ethnic hatred, anti-Semitism and xenophobia. Other U.S. amendments that were adopted
advocated the establishment of permanent Central Election Commissions in emerging democracies and emphasized the need for
the Governments of the OSCE participating States to act to ensure that refugees and displaced persons have the right to return
to their homes and to regain their property or receive compensation.
Two major U.S. initiatives in St. Petersburg were Chairman Smith's resolution on the trafficking of women and children for
the sex trade and Rep. Slaughter's memorial resolution on the assassination of Galina Starovoitova, a Russian parliamentarian
and an outspoken advocate of democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Russia who was murdered late last year. The
trafficking resolution appeals to participating States to create legal and enforcement mechanisms to punish traffickers while
protecting the rights of the trafficking victims. The resolution on the assassination called on the Russian Government to use every
appropriate avenue to bring Galina Starovoitova's murders to justice. Both items received overwhelming support and were
included in the St. Petersburg Declaration adopted during the closing plenary.
An ambitious series of bilateral meetings were held between Members of the U.S. delegation and representatives from the
Russian Federation, Ukraine, Turkey, France, Romania, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenian, Canada, and the United
Kingdom. While in St. Petersburg, the delegation met with Aleksandr Nikitin, a former Soviet navy captain being prosecuted
for his investigative work exposing nuclear storage problems and resulting radioactive contamination in the area around
Murmansk. In addition, the delegation hosted a reception for representatives of non-governmental organizations and U.S.
businesses active in the Russian Federation.
Elections for officers of the Assembly were held during the final plenary. As. Helle Degn of Denmark was re-elected
President. Mr. Bill Graham of Canada was elected Treasurer. Four of the Assembly's nine Vice-Presidents were elected: Mr.
Claude Estier (France), Mr. Bruce George (U.K.), Mr. Ihor Ostach (Ukraine), and Mr. Tiit Kabin (Estonia). Rep Hoyer's
current term as Vice-President runs through 2001.
Enclosed is a copy of the St. Petersburg Declaration adopted by participants at the Assembly's closing session.
Finally, the Standing Committee agreed that the Ninth Annual Session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly will be held next
July in Bucharest, Romania.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S.S.,
Freedom of Speech and Expression
Freedom of the Media
Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion or Belief
Prevention of Torture
Rule of Law/Independence of Judiciary
Trafficking in Human Beings